# Troubleshoot validator problems

Here are some common problems you might encounter when you run a validator node and their solutions.

# Validator has 0 voting power

If your validator has 0 voting power, your validator has become auto-unbonded. On the mainnet, validators unbond when they do not vote on 9500 of the last 10000 blocks (50 of the last 100 blocks on the testnet). Because blocks are proposed every ~5 seconds, a validator that is unresponsive for ~13 hours (~4 minutes on testnet) become unbonded. This problem usually happens when your terrad process crashes.

To return the voting power back to your validator:

  1. If terrad is not running, restart it:
terrad start
  1. Wait for your full node to reach the latest block, and run:
terrad tx slashing unjail <terra> --chain-id=<chain_id> --from=<from>


  • <terra> is the address of your validator account.

  • <name> is the name of the validator account. To find this information, run terrad keys list.


    If you don't wait for terrad to sync before running unjail, an error message will inform you that your validator is still jailed.

  1. Check your validator again to see if your voting power is back:
terrad status

If your voting power is less than it was previously, it's less because you were slashed for downtime.

# Terrad crashes because of too many open files

The default number of files Linux can open per process is 1024. terrad is known to open more than this amount, causing the process to crash. To fix this problem:

  1. Increase the number of open files allowed by running ulimit -n 4096.

  2. Restart the process with terrad start.

If you are using systemd or another process manager to launch terrad, you might need to configure them. The following sample systemd file fixes the problem:

# /etc/systemd/system/terrad.service
Description=Terra Columbus Node

ExecStart=/home/ubuntu/go/bin/terrad start


# Oracle voting error

You might receive the following error message by the Terra Oracle feeder (opens new window):

`broadcast error: code: 3, raw_log: validator does not exist: terravaloperxxx`

This message occurs for the following reasons:

# The validator is not active

The validator might not be active for one of the following reasons:

  • The validator is jailed. To solve this problem, unjail the validator by running:

    terrad tx slashing unjail <terra> --chain-id=<chain_id> --from=<from>

  • The validator is not in the active validator set (opens new window). Only the top 130 validators are in this set. To fix this problem, increase your total stake so that it is included in the top 130.

# The network is wrong.

The oracle feeder might be submitting to the wrong network. To fix this problem, run the feeder with the lite client daemon (LCD) specified:

nom start vote --\
  --source http://localhost:8532/latest \
  --lcd ${LCD} \
  --chain-id "${CHAIN_ID}" \
  --validator "${VALIDATOR_KEY}" \
  --password "${PASSWORD}" \

The LCD to which the voter is connecting might be running from a different network than your node. The remote LCD for different networks are:

  • https://lcd.terra.dev for the Columbus mainnet
  • https://bombay-lcd.terra.dev for the Bombay testnet

Ensure you specify the LCD for the same network to which your node is connecting.

If you run a local LCD (for example, localhost:1317), ensure your LCD is connecting to the same node.