Interacting with the network: CLI

Terra CLI

For more information on the command usage, refer to its help screen: terracli config --help.

Here is a list of useful terracli commands, including usage examples.

Keys

Key Types

There are three types of key representations that are used:

  • terra

    • Derived from account keys generated by terracli keys add

    • Used to receive funds

    • e.g. terra15h6vd5f0wqps26zjlwrc6chah08ryu4hzzdwhc

  • terravaloper

    • Used to associate a validator to it's operator

    • Used to invoke staking commands

    • e.g. terravaloper1carzvgq3e6y3z5kz5y6gxp3wpy3qdrv928vyah

  • terrapub

    • Derived from account keys generated by terracli keys add

    • e.g. terrapub1zcjduc3q7fu03jnlu2xpl75s2nkt7krm6grh4cc5aqth73v0zwmea25wj2hsqhlqzm

  • terravalconspub

    • Generated when the node is created with terrad init.

    • Get this value with terrad tendermint show-validator

    • e.g. terravalconspub1zcjduepq0ms2738680y72v44tfyqm3c9ppduku8fs6sr73fx7m666sjztznqzp2emf

Generate Keys

You'll need an account private and public key pair (a.k.a. sk, pk respectively) to be able to receive funds, send txs, bond tx, etc.

To generate a new secp256k1 key:

terracli keys add <account_name>

Next, you will have to create a passphrase to protect the key on disk. The output of the above command will contain a seed phrase. It is recommended to save the seed phrase in a safe place so that in case you forget the password, you could eventually regenerate the key from the seed phrase with the following command:

terracli keys add --recover

If you check your private keys, you'll now see <account_name>:

terracli keys show <account_name>

View the validator operator's address via:

terracli keys show <account_name> --bech=val

You can see all your available keys by typing:

terracli keys list

View the validator pubkey for your node by typing:

terrad tendermint show-validator

Note that this is the Tendermint signing key, not the operator key you will use in delegation transactions.

We strongly recommend NOT using the same passphrase for multiple keys. The Terra team will not be responsible for the loss of funds.

Generate multisig public keys

You can generate and print a multisig public key by typing:

terracli keys add --multisig=name1,name2,name3[...] --multisig-threshold=K new_key_name

K is the minimum number of private keys that must have signed the transactions that carry the public key's address as signer.

The --multisig flag must contain the name of public keys that will be combined into a public key that will be generated and stored as new_key_name in the local database. All names supplied through --multisig must already exist in the local database. Unless the flag --nosort is set, the order in which the keys are supplied on the command line does not matter, i.e. the following commands generate two identical keys:

terracli keys add --multisig=foo,bar,baz --multisig-threshold=2 multisig_address
terracli keys add --multisig=baz,foo,bar --multisig-threshold=2 multisig_address

Multisig addresses can also be generated on-the-fly and printed through the which command:

terracli keys show --multisig-threshold K name1 name2 name3 [...]

For more information regarding how to generate, sign and broadcast transactions with a multi signature account see Multisig Transactions.

Fees & Gas

Each transaction may either supply fees or gas prices, but not both. Most users will typically provide fees as this is the cost you will end up incurring for the transaction being included in the ledger.

Validator's have a minimum gas price (multi-denom) configuration and they use this value when when determining if they should include the transaction in a block during CheckTx, where gasPrices >= minGasPrices. Note, your transaction must supply fees that are greater than or equal to any of the denominations the validator requires.

Note: With such a mechanism in place, validators may start to prioritize txs by gasPrice in the mempool, so providing higher fees or gas prices may yield higher tx priority.

e.g.

terracli tx send ... --fees=100usdr

or

terracli tx send ... --gas-prices=0.000001usdr

Account

Get Tokens

The best way to get tokens is from the Terra Testnet Faucet.

Query Account balance

After receiving tokens to your address, you can view your account's balance by typing:

terracli query account <account_terra>

When you query an account balance with zero tokens, you will get this error:

No account with address <account_terra> was found in the state.

This can also happen if you fund the account before your node has fully synced with the chain. These are both normal.

Send Tokens

The following command could be used to send coins from one account to another:

terracli tx send \
--to <destination_terra> \
--coins 10000000uluna \
--chain-id=<chain_id> \
--from=<key_name> \

where destination_terra is a key matching the format: terra1dp0taj85ruc299rkdvzp4z5pfg6z6swaed74e6

The --amount flag accepts the format --amount=<value|coin_name>.

You may want to cap the maximum gas that can be consumed by the transaction via the --gas flag.

If you pass --gas=auto, the gas supply will be automatically estimated before executing the transaction.

Gas estimate might be inaccurate as state changes could occur in between the end of the simulation and the actual execution of a transaction, thus an adjustment is applied on top of the original estimate in order to ensure the transaction is broadcasted successfully.

The adjustment can be controlled via the --gas-adjustment flag, whose default value is 1.0.

Now, view the updated balances of the origin and destination accounts:

terracli query account <account_terra>
terracli query account <destination_terra>

You can also check your balance at a given block by using the --block flag:

terracli query account <account_terra> --block=<block_height>

You can simulate a transaction without actually broadcasting it by appending the --dry-run flag to the command line:

terracli tx send \
--to <destination_terra> \
--coins 10000000uluna \
--chain-id=<chain_id> \
--from=<key_name> \
--dry-run

Furthermore, you can build a transaction and print its JSON format to STDOUT by appending --generate-only to the list of the command line arguments:

terracli tx send \
--to <destination_terraaccaddr> \
--coins 10000000uluna \
--chain-id=<chain_id> \
--from=<key_name> \
--generate-only > unsignedSendTx.json
terracli tx sign \
--chain-id=<chain_id> \
--from=<key_name> \
unsignedSendTx.json > signedSendTx.json

You can validate the transaction's signatures by typing the following:

terracli tx sign --validate-signatures signedSendTx.json

You can broadcast the signed transaction to a node by providing the JSON file to the following command:

terracli tx broadcast --node=<node> signedSendTx.json

Query Transactions

Matching a set of tags

You can use the transaction search command to query for transactions that match a specific set of tags, which are added on every transaction.

Each tag is conformed by a key-value pair in the form of <tag>:<value>. Tags can also be combined to query for a more specific result using the & symbol.

The command for querying transactions using a tag is the following:

terracli query txs --tags='<tag>:<value>'

And for using multiple tags:

terracli query txs --tags='<tag1>:<value1>&<tag2>:<value2>'

The pagination is supported as well via page and limit:

terracli query txs --tags='<tag>:<value>' --page=1 --limit=20

The action tag always equals the message type returned by the Type() function of the relevant message. You can find a list of available tags on each module by looking at the /tags directory of each module.

Matching a transaction's hash

You can also query a single transaction by its hash using the following command:

terracli query tx [hash]

Slashing

Unjailing

To unjail your jailed validator

terracli tx slashing unjail --from <validator-operator-addr>

Signing Info

To retrieve a validator's signing info:

terracli query slashing signing-info <validator-pubkey>

Query Parameters

You can get the current slashing parameters via:

terracli query slashing params

Staking

Set up a Validator

Please refer to the Validator Setup section for a more complete guide on how to set up a validator-candidate.

Delegate to a Validator

On the upcoming mainnet, you can delegate luna to a validator. These delegators can receive part of the validator's fee revenue.

Query Validators

You can query the list of all validators of a specific chain:

terracli query staking validators

If you want to get the information of a single validator you can check it with:

terracli query staking validator <account_terraval>

Bond Tokens

On the testnet, we delegate luna. Here's how you can bond tokens to a testnet validator (i.e. delegate):

terracli tx staking delegate \
<validator address> \
10000000uluna \
--from=<key_name> \
--chain-id=<chain_id>

<validator> is the operator address of the validator to which you intend to delegate. If you are running a local testnet, you can find this with:

terracli keys show [name] --bech val

where [name] is the name of the key you specified when you initialized terrad.

While tokens are bonded, they are pooled with all the other bonded tokens in the network. Validators and delegators obtain a percentage of shares that equal their stake in this pool.

Don't use more luna than you have! You can always get more by using the Faucet!

Query Delegations

Once submitted a delegation to a validator, you can see it's information by using the following command:

terracli query staking delegation <delegator_addr> <validator_addr>

Or if you want to check all your current delegations with disctinct validators:

terracli query staking delegations <delegator_addr>

You can also get previous delegation(s) status by adding the --height flag.

Unbond Tokens

If for any reason the validator misbehaves, or you just want to unbond a certain amount of tokens, use this following command. You can unbond a specific shares-amount (eg:12.1) or a shares-fraction (eg:0.25) with the corresponding flags.

terracli tx staking unbond \
--validator=<account_terraval> \
--shares-fraction=0.5 \
--from=<key_name> \
--chain-id=<chain_id>

The unbonding will be automatically completed when the unbonding period has passed.

Query Unbonding-Delegations

Once you begin an unbonding-delegation, you can see it's information by using the following command:

terracli query staking unbonding-delegation <delegator_addr> <validator_addr>

Or if you want to check all your current unbonding-delegations with disctinct validators:

terracli query staking unbonding-delegations <account_terra>

Additionally, as you can get all the unbonding-delegations from a particular validator:

terracli query staking unbonding-delegations-from <account_terraval>

To get previous unbonding-delegation(s) status on past blocks, try adding the --height flag.

Redelegate Tokens

A redelegation is a type delegation that allows you to bond illiquid tokens from one validator to another:

terracli tx staking redelegate \
<src validator address> \
<dst validator address> \
<amount> \
--from=<key_name> \
--chain-id=<chain_id>

Here you can also redelegate a specific shares-amount or a shares-fraction with the corresponding flags.

The redelegation will be automatically completed when the unbonding period has passed.

Query Redelegations

Once you begin an redelegation, you can see it's information by using the following command:

terracli query staking redelegation <delegator_addr> <src_val_addr> <dst_val_addr>

Or if you want to check all your current unbonding-delegations with disctinct validators:

terracli query staking redelegations <account_terra>

Additionally, as you can get all the outgoing redelegations from a particular validator:

terracli query staking redelegations-from <account_terraval>

To get previous redelegation(s) status on past blocks, try adding the --height flag.

Query Parameters

Parameters define high level settings for staking. You can get the current values by using:

terracli query staking params

With the above command you will get the values for:

  • Unbonding time

  • Maximum numbers of validators

  • Coin denomination for staking

Query Pool

A staking Pool defines the dynamic parameters of the current state. You can query them with the following command:

terracli query staking pool

With the pool command you will get the values for:

  • Not-bonded and bonded tokens

  • Token supply

  • Current annual inflation and the block in which the last inflation was processed

  • Last recorded bonded shares

Query Delegations To Validator

You can also query all of the delegations to a particular validator:

terracli query delegations-to <account_terraval>

Fee Distribution

Query distribution parameters

To check the current distribution parameters, run:

terracli query distr params

Query outstanding rewards

To check the current outstanding (un-withdrawn) rewards, run:

terracli query distr outstanding-rewards

Query validator commission

To check the current outstanding commission for a validator, run:

terracli query distr commission <validator_address>

Query validator slashes

To check historical slashes for a validator, run:

terracli query distr slashes <validator_address> <start_height> <end_height>

Query delegator rewards

To check current rewards for a delegation (were they to be withdrawn), run:

terracli query distr rewards <delegator_address> <validator_address>

Query all delegator rewards

To check all current rewards for a delegation (were they to be withdrawn), run:

terracli query distr rewards <delegator_address>

Multisig transactions

Multisig transactions require signatures of multiple private keys. Thus, generating and signing a transaction from a multisig account involve cooperation among the parties involved. A multisig transaction can be initiated by any of the key holders, and at least one of them would need to import other parties' public keys into their Keybase and generate a multisig public key in order to finalize and broadcast the transaction.

For example, given a multisig key comprising the keys p1, p2, and p3, each of which is held by a distinct party, the user holding p1 would require to import both p2 and p3 in order to generate the multisig account public key:

terracli keys add \
p2 \
--pubkey=terrapub1addwnpepqtd28uwa0yxtwal5223qqr5aqf5y57tc7kk7z8qd4zplrdlk5ez5kdnlrj4
terracli keys add \
p3 \
--pubkey=terrapub1addwnpepqgj04jpm9wrdml5qnss9kjxkmxzywuklnkj0g3a3f8l5wx9z4ennz84ym5t
terracli keys add \
p1p2p3 \
--multisig-threshold=2 \
--multisig=p1,p2,p3

A new multisig public key p1p2p3 has been stored, and its address will be used as signer of multisig transactions:

terracli keys show --address p1p2p3

You may also view multisig threshold, pubkey constituents and respective weights by viewing the JSON output of the key or passing the --show-multisig flag:

terracli keys show p1p2p3 -o json
terracli keys show p1p2p3 --show-multisig

The first step to create a multisig transaction is to initiate it on behalf of the multisig address created above:

terracli tx send terra1570v2fq3twt0f0x02vhxpuzc9jc4yl30q2qned 10stake \
--from=<multisig_address> \
--generate-only > unsignedTx.json

The file unsignedTx.json contains the unsigned transaction encoded in JSON. p1 can now sign the transaction with its own private key:

terracli tx sign \
unsignedTx.json \
--multisig=<multisig_address> \
--from=p1 \
--output-document=p1signature.json \
--chain-id=<chain_id>

Once the signature is generated, p1 transmits both unsignedTx.json and p1signature.json to p2 or p3, which in turn will generate their respective signature:

terracli tx sign \
unsignedTx.json \
--multisig=<multisig_address> \
--from=p2 \
--output-document=p2signature.json \
--chain-id=<chain_id>

p1p2p3 is a 2-of-3 multisig key, therefore one additional signature is sufficient. Any the key holders can now generate the multisig transaction by combining the required signature files:

terracli tx multisign \
unsignedTx.json \
p1p2p3 \
p1signature.json p2signature.json \
--output-document=signedTx.json \
--chain-id=<chain_id>

The transaction can now be sent to the node:

terracli tx broadcast signedTx.json \
--chain-id=<chain_id>

Shells completion scripts

Completion scripts for popular UNIX shell interpreters such as Bash and Zsh can be generated through the completion command, which is available for both terrad and terracli.

If you want to generate Bash completion scripts run the following command:

terrad completion > terrad_completion
terracli completion > terracli_completion

If you want to generate Zsh completion scripts run the following command:

terrad completion --zsh > terrad_completion
terracli completion --zsh > terracli_completion

On most UNIX systems, such scripts may be loaded in .bashrc or .bash_profile to enable Bash autocompletion.

echo '. terrad_completion' >> ~/.bashrc
echo '. terracli_completion' >> ~/.bashrc

Refer to the user's manual of your interpreter provided by your operating system for information on how to enable shell autocompletion.

Oracle

Submit a price vote

Validators must submit two price vote transactions to participate in the oracle; a prevote containing the hash of the actual vote in the first vote period, and a vote containing the salt of the hash submitted in the prevote phase to prove honestly.

To submit a prevote, run:

terracli tx oracle prevote \
--denom <denom> \
--hash <hash> \
--from mykey

Where hash is the leading 20 bytes of the SHA256 hexa string run over the string of the format salt:price:denom:validator-address.

Or to avoid having to create the hash yourself, run:

terracli tx oracle prevote \
--denom <denom> \
--price "8888" \
--salt <salt string> \
--from mykey

After VotePeriod has expired from the submission of the prevote, the voter must submit the actual price vote. To do so, run:

terracli tx oracle vote \
--denom <denom> \
--price "8890" \
--from mykey \
--validator <validator-address>

Given that oracle votes have to be submitted in a feed over short time intervals, prevotes / votes will need to be submitted via some persistent server daemon, and not manually. For more information on how to do this, read the oracle specs.

Delegate price voting rights

A voter may also elect to delegate price voting to another signing key.

terracli tx oracle set-feeder --feeder <feeder-address> --from mykey

where feeder-address is the address you want to delegate your voting rights to. Note that the feeder will still need to submit votes on behalf of your validator in order for you to get credit.

Market

Swap currencies

All currencies in the terra ecosystem can be swapped for each other atomically at the effective oracle exchange rate. To swap a currency for another, run:

terracli tx market swap --offer-coin="1000ukrw" --ask-denom=<denom>

Where offercoin is the coin looking to be traded and ask-denom the denomination of the coin to be swapped into.

For Terra <> Luna swaps, a daily cap and a spread is enforced to limit consensus related attack vectors. Terra <> Terra swaps have no limits and no spread.

Budget

Submit a budget program application

To submit a budget program application, run:

terracli tx budget submit-program --program="path/to/program.json" --from mykey

where program.json contains:

{
"title": "Test program",
"description": "My awesome program (include a website link for impact)",
"executor": terra1nk5lsuvy0rcfjcdr8au8za0wq25rat0qa07p6t,
}

Alternatively, you can decided to specify all the parameters by running:

terracli tx budget submit-program --title="Test program" --description="My awesome program" ... --from mykey

Upon successful completion, a small deposit will be withdrawn from the sender's wallet to prevent spamming. The deposit is returned on application withdrawal.

Withdraw a budget program application

A budget program that has not been accepted yet (is still in the candidate set) can be withdrawn for the deposit to be reclaimed. To do so, run:

terracli tx budget withdraw --program-id <program-id>

Where program-id is the id of the program that had been generated when the application had been submitted. Only the original submitter of the program can withdraw the application.

Vote on a budget program (application and active)

The same command can be used to vote for both active and candidate programs. To do so, run:

terracli tx budget vote --program-id <program-id> --option yes --from mykey

Where program-id is the id of the program that had been generated when the application had been submitted. option is one of yes or no.

Query a program

To query the details of a program by its id, run:

terracli query budget program --program-id <program-id>

Where program-id is the id of the program that had been generated when the application had been submitted.

Query the active program list

To query the list of active programs:

terracli query budget candidate-list

Query the candidate program list

To query the list of candidate programs:

terracli query budget candidate-list

Query outstanding votes

To query the list of outstanding program votes, both candidate and active:

terracli query budget votes

Query parameters

Parameters define high level settings for the budget module. You can get the current values by using:

terracli query budget params

With the above command you will get the values for:

  • Threshold in voting power for candidate programs to become active

  • Threshold in voting power for active programs to become legacied

  • Budget vote period

  • Deposit required to submit program applications

Treasury

Query Current Epoch

Treasury macroeconomic parameters are updated on a periodic basis each Epoch (currently around 1 week). To check the current epoch number (starting from 0):

terracli query treasury current-epoch

Query Tax Rate

Terra transactions charge a % fee on each outbound transaction from the sender's wallet. To get the effective stability fee rate for a given epoch, run:

terracli query treasury tax-rate <epoch-number>

Query Tax Cap

Stability fees are capped at some fixed amount of SDT to avoid penalizing large transactions. To get the current tax cap denominated in a given denom (micro units), run:

terracli query treasury tax-cap <denom>

Query Tax Proceeds

To query the cumulative tax proceeds of a given epoch, run:

terracli query treasury tax-proceeds <epoch-number>

Query Mining Reward Weight

The mining reward weight is the portion of seigniorage that is burned to reward miners. To query the weight of a given epoch, run:

terracli query treasury reward-weight <epoch-number>

Query Seigniorage Proceeds

The treasury measures the amount of Terra seigniorage accumulated over epochs, denominated in units of uluna. To query the seigniorage proceeds of a given epoch, run:

terracli query treasury seigniorage-proceeds <epoch-number>

Query Parameters

Parameters define high level settings for the treasury. You can get the current values by using:

terracli query treasury params

With the above command you will get the values for:

  • Tax update policy

  • Reward weight update policy

  • Seigniorage burden target

  • Mining Increment

  • Window short (update parameter)

  • Window long (update parameter)

  • Window probabtion (update parameter)